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  • A Hair Affair
  • Newton Brookhouse
  • 150 years Coaticook
  • Kids!
  • Go with the flow

As part of the exhibition series DISCOVER YOUR PAST, the ETRC is opening its archives to share the treasures of several fonds and collections with the broader public. The exhibitions showcase a small selection of the thousands of remarkable photographs in the ETRC’s collection.

A Hair Affair

A Hair Affair is an exhibition that brings to light an often overlooked subject of history: beards and mustaches. Through old photographs, this exhibition illustrates what male facial hair could have represented between the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century in the Eastern Townships. Through photographs of men of diverse social backgrounds proudly wearing a beard and a mustache, new questions surface. Are beard and mustache styles related to social classes? Is the mustache a sign of prosperity? In short, what does facial hair teach us about society? With this unusual theme, History is decidedly really fun!

Styles of beards and mustaches

From huge side burns to small mustaches, to prominent beards, it is easy to see the great diversity of facial hair styles in the 19th and 20th centuries. This remarkable variety composes the social landscape of the era. Actors, singers and politicians influenced fashion, and men easily adapted their facial hair style to those of the public figures they admired or identified with. Think of Elvis Presley’s sideburns or Clark Gable’s mustache – two public figures who were tremendously popular among men at different periods of time. Unlike the impact that public figures have on the appearance of many gentlemen, the career and social ranking seems to only slightly influence the adopted beard styles. Indeed, except for the military mustache, sported by almost all members of the British Army in the 19th century, beards and mustaches seem to be a matter of personal choice… and generosity of nature.

Walrus Mustache
Unknown couple (189-?)

Eastern Townships Resource Centre / Mildred Waldron collection P170-003
Walrus Mustache
Unknown man (189-?) / Photographer: Newton Brookhouse

Eastern Townships Resource Centre / Newton Brookhouse fonds P042_M049
Joseph McVetty, farmer in East Clifton, proudly displays his Walrus Mustach which is reminiscent of Walrus whiskers.
Joseph McVetty, farmer (189-?)

Eastern Townships Resource Centre / Mildred Waldron collection P170-003-043-021
Walrus Mustache
Elegant man (1896?)

Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec BAnQ Sherbrooke / Famille Lippé fonds P39
The Spade Beard is a long beard worn here with a mustache. Spade, meaning "spud" or "shovel" in English, is used to describe a very hazy and messy beard.
Unknown elderly man (189-?) / Photographer: Newton Brookhouse

Eastern Townships Resource Centre / Newton Brookhouse fonds P042_M063
Spade Beard
Elderly man sitting in a living room (1901?)

Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec BAnQ Sherbrooke / Famille Coderre fonds P12, P14
Spade Beard
Unknown man (188-?) / Photographer: Newton Brookhouse

Eastern Townships Resource Centre / Newton Brookhouse fonds P042_M090
With its well-sculpted contours, the Short Boxed Beard gives a square look to the face.
Unknown man with joined hands (188-?) / Photographer: Newton Brookhouse

Eastern Townships Resource Centre / Newton Brookhouse fonds P042_M190
The Pyramidal Mustache is worn here with distinction. It is the most common look at the turn of the 19th century.
Unknown man (188-?) / Photographer: Newton Brookhouse

Eastern Townships Resource Centre / Newton Brookhouse fonds P042_M035
Pyramid Mustache
Colonel F. C. Bowen (1915)

Eastern Townships Resource Centre / Minnie Hallowell Bowen fonds P006-006-007-004
Pyramid Mustache
Cheerful man (189-?)

Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec BAnQ Sherbrooke / Coderre fonds P12, P12
Pyramid Mustache
E. Morier (189-?)

Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec BAnQ Sherbrooke / Famille Lippé fonds P39
Pyramid Mustache
Banjo players (188-?) / Photographer: Newton Brookhouse

Eastern Townships Resource Centre / Newton Brookhouse fonds P042_M067
Pyramid Mustache
Unknown young couple (188-?) / Photographer: Newton Brookhouse

Eastern Townships Resource Centre / Newton Brookhouse fonds P042_M046
In the 1930s, many men imitated Clark Gable’s thin mustache, this actor being the icon of masculinity. Here, the subject is a precursor of the model.
Unknown young man (188-?) / Photographer: Newton Brookhouse

Eastern Townships Resource Centre / Newton Brookhouse fonds P042_M059
Clark Gable Mustache
Unknown man with a bicycle (188-?) / Photographer: Newton Brookhouse

Eastern Townships Resource Centre / Newton Brookhouse fonds P042_M164
Mutton Chop
Man in uniform (18--?)

Eastern Townships Resource Centre / Minnie Hallowell Bowen fonds P006-010
Mutton Chop
Unknown man (before 1893) / Photgrapher: H. H. Weeden

Eastern Townships Resource Centre / Mildred Waldron collection P170-003-039-007
Mutton Chop
Unknown couple (188-?)

Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec BAnQ Sherbrooke / Famille Coderre fonds P12, P10
Military Mustache
Jim Waldron (189-?)

Eastern Townships Resource Centre / Mildred Waldron collection P042-003-038-006
Military Mustache
Barbara Luella McVetty and Ezra Blair (1899)

Eastern Townships Resource Centre / Mildred Waldron collection P170-003-43_020
Hulihee Beard
Man with a letter in hand (188-?) / Photographer: Blanchard

Eastern Townships Resource Centre / Minnie Hallowell Bowen fonds P006-010-02-001
Hulihee Beard
Man with a book (188-?)

Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec BAnQ Sherbrooke / Sylvio Lacharité fonds P3
Hulihee Beard
Man with a fur coat (1896?) / Photographer: Presby & Son

Eastern Townships Resource Centre / Minnie Hallowell Bowen fonds P006-010
Popular among older groups, the Goatee Beard gives this man an austere look. It takes about three months to grow this beard.br /> Elderly couple (189-?) / Photographer: Wilkinson Bros.

Eastern Townships Resource Centre / Mildred Waldron collection P170-003-034-004
Goatee Beardbr /> Unknown man (188-?)

Eastern Townships Resource Centre / Elvyn M. Baldwin Family fonds P173-005
Handlebar Mustache
Unknown man (188-?) / Photographer: Presby

Eastern Townships Resource Centre / Minnie Hallowell Bowen fonds P006-010-001-033r
The elegant Full Beard covers the cheeks and the chin, and is complemented by a well-kept mustache.
Unknown man with right arm behind his back (188-?) / Photographer: Newton Brookhouse

Eastern Townships Resource Centre / Newton Brookhouse fonds P042_M192
Full Beard
Willis K. Baldwin (189-?)

Eastern Townships Resource Centre / Elvyn M. Baldwin Family fonds P173-005-02-005-001
Full Beard
Eugene Arthur Baldwin (189-?)

Eastern Townships Resource Centre / Elvyn M. Baldwin Family fonds P173-005-02-002
Full Beard
Man with a brimless hat (188-?)

Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec BAnQ Sherbrooke / Famille Coderre fonds P12,P6
Garibaldi Beard
Man in a medallion (189-?)

Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec BAnQ Sherbrooke / Famille Lippé fonds P39
Chevron Mustache
Unknown man (189-?)

Eastern Townships Resource Centre / Elvyn M. Baldwin Family fonds P173-005_005
Chevron Mustache
Unknown man (189-?) / Photographer: Newton Brookhouse

Eastern Townships Resource Centre / Newton Brookhouse fonds P042_M042
Chevron Mustache
Cromwell family (188-?)

Eastern Townships Resource Centre / Mildred Waldron collection P170-003-004-007
Cathedral Beard
Unknown couple (188-?) / Photographer: Newton Brookhouse

Eastern Townships Resource Centre / Newton Brookhouse fonds P042_M044
Burnsides
George F. Bowen, Volunteer Artillery, Sherbrooke (186-?)

Eastern Townships Resource Centre / Minnie Hallowell Bowen fonds P006-006-004-004
A variety of mustaches were worn in the 19th century. Here, we see the Burnsides (in the back, standing up), the Pyramidal (2nd row, first seated), the Hulihee (2nd row, third seated), and the Zappa, whose name originates from the eccentric singer Frank Zappa (2nd row, fourth seated). Soldiers used mustaches as a way to draw a distinction from one another.
Soldiers of the 53rd Sherbrooke Regiment (1880)

Eastern Townships Resource Centre / Minnie Hallowell Bowen fonds P006-006-016-001
The beards and mustaches of the men of the Bowen family bear witness to the variety of styles worn at the time: Shown here are the Chevron Mustache (1st and 3rd row) and the Burnsides Beard (2nd row, seated).
George Frederick Bowen family (188-?)

Eastern Townships Resource Centre / Minnie Hallowell Bowen fonds P006-010-001-019
Multiple Combinations
Unknown family (188-?) / Photographer: Newton Brookhouse

Eastern Townships Resource Centre / Newton Brookhouse fonds P042_M249
Multiple Combinations
The Lippé and Gendreau families (1908?)

Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec BAnQ Sherbrooke / Famille Lippé fonds P39
Multiple Combinations
Office Group (ca. 1897)

Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec BAnQ Sherbrooke / Johns-Manville Canada Inc. fonds P56,S1,SS1,D1,P530
Multiple Combinations
Family of Pierre Lacharité and Célina Ayotte (1900?) / Photographer: Louis Couture

Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec BAnQ Sherbrooke / Sylvio Lacharité fonds P3
Multiple Combinations
Picnic by Megantic Lake

Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec BAnQ Sherbrooke / Famille Lippé fonds P39

Social role

Before the mid-19th century, beards were strongly associated with the most radical groups in society, such as Socialists and Chartists. It is only in the second half of this century that beards and mustaches spread throughout society. Bourgeois, workers and aristocrats sport them to represent their masculinity. During the industrial era, men are massively called to work outside the house, while women ensure the smooth running of the home. Men use their facial hair to affirm their authority, their independence and their role as households’ patriarchs, thus helping to define a certain masculine model.

At the beginning of the 20th century, beards and mustaches are losing favor in America. Several factors contribute to this transformation. Scientific discoveries, like those of Louis Pasteur in regards to the role of microorganisms in spreading contagious diseases, spurrs the evolution of personal hygiene practices. Beards and mustaches come to be seen as a haven for germs, while a clean-shaven face is synonymous with health and cleanliness. Moreover, a new masculine type focusing on youth, energy, sociability and discipline emerges, and these qualities are associated with a shaved face. This reconfiguration of masculine codes is especially clear in politics. Beards and mustaches are perceived as masks concealing the true personality of a man and as signs of unconventional individualism. On the contrary, a clean-shaven appearance represents honesty, reliability and discipline. Women, who gained voting rights during the same period, appear to be very sensitive to what male facial hair could foreshadow of the candidates’ commitment to the community. Paradoxically, beards and mustaches did not disappear. In the cultural imagination of Hollywood, for example, a well-maintained mustache continues to represent virility, forceful individualism, and a certain kind of toughness which is not without any charm.

Walrus Mustache
Man with two children (198-?)

Eastern Townships Resource Centre
Mildred Waldron collection P170-001-011
Walrus Mustache
Unknown men playing cards (189-?) / Photographer: Newton Brookhouse

Eastern Townships Resource Centre
Newton Brookhouse fonds P042_M237
Born July 5, 1829 and February 5, 1837 at l'Assomption, Joseph and Hubert Lippé are both sons of Jean-René Lippé, a farmer, and Marie-Reine Boisseau. Hubert is a notary in Acton Vale while Joseph practices medicine in Saint-Ambroise-de-Kildare. The two men sport a Spade Beard that recalls the so-called Goatee Beard, worn here with a mustache. The choice of this beard is often linked to old age.
Joseph Lippé, doctor (189-?)

Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec BAnQ Sherbrooke
Famille Lippé fonds P39
Spade Beard
Hubert Lippé, notary (before November 8th, 1909)

Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec BAnQ Sherbrooke
Famille Lippé fonds P39
Born on December 2Born on December 22, 1874 in Sherbrooke, William Lacharité is the son of Pierre Lacharité, laborer, and Célina Ayot. He marries Marie-Anne Clément at the Saint-Antoine Church in Lennoxville. He practices the breeding of silver foxes and is a farmer in Johnville. Here, William Lacharité wears a redefined Pyramidal Mustache.
William Lacharité (ca. 1900)

Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec BAnQ Sherbrooke
Sylvio Lacharité fonds P32, 1874 in Sherbrooke, William Lacharité is the son of Pierre Lacharité, laborer, and Célina Ayot. He marries Marie-Anne Clément at the Saint-Antoine Church in Lennoxville. He practices the breeding of silver foxes and is a farmer in Johnville. Here, William Lacharité wears a redefined Pyramidal Mustache.
William Lacharité (ca. 1900)

Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec BAnQ Sherbrooke
Sylvio Lacharité fonds P3
Born on September 20, 1904, in Acton Vale, Julien Lippé was the son of Alexandre Lippé, public notary, and Eugénie Archambault. Comedian, he played in “Un homme et son péché” in 1949, in “La famille Plouffe” from 1953 to 1959 and in “Les belles histoires des pays d’en haut” from 1956 to 1970. Julien Lippé sports a narrower variant of the Pyramidal Mustache.
Julien Lippé, comedian (ca. 1927) / Photographer: Charles Planthier

Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec BAnQ Sherbrooke
Famille Lippé fonds P39
This studio photograph features Samuel Cooper, a shoemaker from Bury. The photo shows that the Pyramidal Mustache could be worn by everyone, including the workers.
Samuel Cooper, shoemaker (198-?)

Eastern Townships Resource Centre
Mildred Waldron collection P170-001-003-005
Handlebar Mustache
Unknown man (191-?)

Eastern Townships Resource Centre
5th Canadian Mounted Rifles Association fonds P010-005
Full Beard
Edward Charles Bowen (189-?) /

Eastern Townships Resource Centre
Minnie Hallowell Bowen fonds P006-010-001-013
Born October 5, 1901 in Saint-Élie-d'Orford, Alfred DesRochers comes from a farming family. In the 1920s, he begins his career as a journalist and poet. From 1925 to 1952, he periodically writes articles to the newspaper La Tribune of Sherbrooke and, from 1953 to 1964, he is journalist for La Presse canadienne. In 1929, he is the author of the collection entitled: À l’Ombre de l’Orford for which he wins several awards. He received the Duvernay Prize in 1974 and, in 1976, the Université de Sherbrooke awards him an honorary doctorate. He is the father of the well-known actor-singer-comedian Clémence DesRochers. The author wears the Full Beard that covers his whole face and which was very popular for men his age.
Alfred DesRochers, poet (ca. 1936)

Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec BAnQ Sherbrooke
Alfred DesRochers fonds P6
Hulihee Beard
Francis A. Bowen (ca. 1889) / Photographer: Chute & Brooks

Eastern Townships Resource Centre
Minnie Hallowell Bowen fonds P006-006-006-001
Burnsides
George Frederick Bowen, prothonotary of the judicial district of Saint Francis (188-?)

Eastern Townships Resource Centre
Minnie Hallowell Bowen fonds P006-006-004-005
Businessmen are inaugurating the Tos & Tic locomotive at the mine in Asbestos. Their beards and mustaches represent authority. From left to right, we can observe the Chevron, the Burnsides, the Full Beard, and the Short Boxed Beard.
Inauguration of a locomotive (1897)

Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec BAnQ Sherbrooke
Johns-Manville Canada Inc. fonds P56,S1,SS1,D1,P528
In addition to wearing the uniform, another feature distinguishes the civilian from the military: The soldier wears the Handlebar Mustache and the elderly civilian wears the Roman T-Beard.
Scene of the play “La Patrie avant tout” (1924)

Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec BAnQ Sherbrooke
Louis-Philippe Brousseau fonds P54,S1,D1,P55

Barbershops

Since antiquity, barbershops are important places of sociability. Men meet there to discuss more masculine topics, such as sports or politics. This was particularly true in the late 19th and early 20th century when beards and mustaches were highly popular and needed to be well groomed. Sunday was probably the only day when barbershops were not busy. In fact, in 1885, the City of Sherbrooke authorities forbade the opening of barbershops on Sundays.

During that period, the barbers’ trade became more professional in Quebec and in the Eastern Townships. Created in 1896, the “Corporation des barbiers” of Québec required of its members to pass an entrance examination. In the 1920s, the barbers of the Eastern Townships set up a joint committee responsible for ensuring proper hygiene practices among its members through a compulsory certification. Beginning of 1948, barbers were even asked to complete their eighth grade before entering the trade.

Armand Leblond’s barber shop was located in the worker’s district, on 584 Galt West Street.
Geo O. Dubois’s moving truck (1965) / Photographer: Jacques Darcheshops

Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec BAnQ Sherbrooke
Jacques Darche fonds P5,S2,SS2,D321,P6
The presence Willie Grenier’s barber shop, located on 61 7th Avenue North in Sherbrooke, was marked by several red and white posts. The origin of these famous posts date back to the Middle Ages, when barbers also practiced bloodletting. The post represents the stick that had to be tightened by the clients to make their veins protrude, the white represents the bandages and the red, the blood.
Willie Grenier’s barber shop (1966) / Photographer: Jacques Darcheshops

Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec BAnQ Sherbrooke
Jacques Darche fonds P5,S2,SS2,D538,P10

Newton Brookhouse

Pioneer in Townships Photography

Due to the overwhelming success of the exhibition series DISCOVER YOUR PAST, the Eastern Townships Resource Centre is excited to unveil its next instalment. “Newton Brookhouse: Pioneer in Townships Photography” is an exhibition with photographic masterpieces pulled from the archives of the Eastern Townships Resource Centre (ETRC). Brookhouse is revealed to be a Townships’ photographer, thriving in the very early days of photography. The amazing quality of his pictures perfectly preserves the daily life and history of the Eastern Townships into spectacular images.

Newton Brookhouse fonds
Newton Brookhouse fonds
Newton Brookhouse fonds
Newton Brookhouse fonds
Newton Brookhouse fonds
Newton Brookhouse fonds
Newton Brookhouse fonds
Newton Brookhouse fonds
Newton Brookhouse fonds
Newton Brookhouse fonds
Newton Brookhouse fonds
Newton Brookhouse fonds
Newton Brookhouse fonds
Newton Brookhouse fonds

150 years Coaticook

A photographic journey

150 years Coaticook – A photographic journey” presents the daily life in Coaticook over the last 15 decades. For the city’s anniversary, the Eastern Townships Resource Centre and the Coaticook Historical Society searched their archives for the most beautiful and significant photographs to show how life was in the past.

Discover how Main Street has changed over the years, how train and car made their first appearance in the city and what it meant to live in Coaticook and the surrounding area. Visit the bar of the Half-Way-Hotel to have drink with the travelers, see the proud Coaticook Fire Brigade and observe the changes marked by the style of clothing, architecture and the quality and setting of the photographs.

Kids!

Children of the Eastern Townships between 1890 – 1930

Kids! is a photograph exhibition that displays the life of children in the Eastern Townships of Quebec and takes you on a journey back in time. Kids! celebrates children and the unique environment they had growing up in our region.  Boys out riding in wintertime, girls playing in the hay or fishing at the river: These children were fortunate to be surrounded by an undeniably distinct landscape that affected how they were reared. The rich topography with vast fields, endless lakes and rivers, and beautiful mountains was, and is still, a phenomenal playground for children. Discover the changes marked by the style of clothing, the toys the children played with, and the quality and setting of the photographs. Although the exhibit’s time frame from 1890 to 1930 reflects these changes throughout the decades, the timeless aspect of what it means to be a child in the Townships has remained the same.

Newton Brookhouse fonds - 039
Newton Brookhouse fonds
Newton Brookhouse fonds
Mildred Waldron collection - P170-001-002-001
Hally Carrington Brent family fonds- P181-025
Speid-Motyer family fonds - P196-017-02-006-028
Elvyn M. Baldwin family fonds - P173-005-02-10-01
Elvyn M. Baldwin family fonds - P173-005-02-002-003
Hally Carrington Brent family fonds - P181-130
Newton Brookhouse fonds - 159
Hackett family fonds - P158-010-001
Hally Carrington Brent family fonds - P181-007
Gingras family fonds - P168-049
H.K. Warren Milne collection - 017
Hally Carrington Brent family fonds - P181-022
Hally Carrington Brent family fonds - P181-027
Hally Carrington Brent family fonds - P181-016
Hally Carrington Brent family fonds - P181-004
Hally Carrington Brent family fonds - P181-019
Newton Brookhouse fonds - 156

Go with the flow

Life by the water

Go with the Flow – Life by the water in the Eastern Townships is a photograph exhibition that displays the life along rivers and lakes in the Eastern Townships of Quebec and takes you on a journey back in time.

Go with the Flow is an exciting look into the past of the Eastern Townships. Discover the changes marked by the style of clothing and the quality and setting of the photographs. Although the exhibit’s time frame from 1890 to 1950 reflects these changes throughout the decades, the timeless aspect of what it means to live in the Townships has not changed.

Andrew Sangster fonds - P078-217
Newton Brookhouse fonds - P288
Andrew Sangster fonds - P078-216
Lafrance family fonds- P042
Newton Brookhouse fonds - P95
Hally Carrington fonds - P181-b139
P020/003.06/003/532
P020-003.06
P020-77-7-09
Lake Massawippi Area Historical Society collection - P177-01-004003
Ian Tait collection - P163-004-008
Lake Massawippi Historical Society - P177-007-01-004-001
P020/003.06
Newton Brookhouse fonds - P042